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Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Chair of Sport Sociology

Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin | Department of Sport Sciences | Chair of Sport Sociology | Projects | All Projects | OSSCAR-Study: Organized Sport and Social Capital – Revisited

OSSCAR-Study: Organized Sport and Social Capital – Revisited

Project description

Based on the Germany-wide representative population survey, “The role of sports clubs in social cohesion” (Kantar Public, 2018), the OSSKAR collaborative project is an empirically based exploration of the extent to which clubs and associations, including sports clubs as the most prevalent organizational form of communitization in civil society in Germany, can contribute to the (re‑)production of “social capital” (Putnam, 1993, 2000). To investigate this general objective, the study adopts the concept of “social capital,” which has been intensively discussed and criticized since the relevant studies by Robert D. Putnam, yet also theoretically honed and developed for use in empirical research.

Based on a representative population survey (online survey, sample 18 years and older, n = 2,568) completed in January 2018, the study will identify statistical relations and regularities between different forms of participation in sports clubs and associations on the one hand, and the central dimensions of social capital on the other. These dimensions include social trust, forms of group affiliation and support services, social relations, and individual motivational resources as well as the voluntary engagement, values, and political positions of the players. The survey also recorded sociodemographic characteristics of significance in monitoring the social selectivity that precedes membership in a sports club or association.

Statistical analyses focus on comparing the individuals who participate in different forms in sports clubs with participants in other associations and individuals who are not members of any clubs or associations. At the same time, however, the statistics will be compared with a representative survey carried out among the general population and members of sports clubs in Germany in 2001 (Baur & Braun, 2003) to enable trends in individual dimensions of social capital to be mapped. Results of the project have been published in three papers (Burrmann, Braun & Mutz, 2019, 2020; Mutz, Burrmann & Braun, 2020).

Literature
Baur, J. & Braun, S. (Hrsg.). (2003). Integrationsleistungen von Sportvereinen als Freiwilligenorganisationen. Aachen: Meyer & Meyer.
Burrmann, U., Braun, S. & Mutz, M. (2020). In Whom Do We Trust? The Level and Radius of Social Trust among Sport Club Members. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 55(4), 416-436. doi:10.1177/1012690218811451
Mutz,  M.,  Burrmann,  U.  &  Braun,  S.  (2020).  Speaking  acquaintances  or helpers   in   need:   Participation   in   civic   associations   and   individual   social   capital. VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations. doi: 10.1007/s11266-020-00274-x
Burrmann, U., Braun, S. & Mutz, M. (2019). Playing together or bowling alone? Social capital-related attitudes of sports club members and non-members in Germany in 2001 and 2018. European Journal for Sport and Society, 16(2), 164-186. doi:10.1080/16138171.2019.1620412
Kantar Public (2018). Bedeutung von Sportvereinen für den gesellschaftlichen Zusammenhalt. Methodenbericht zur Durchführung der Bevölkerungsbefragung. Unveröffentlichtes Dokument, Kantar Public, München.
Mutz,  M.,  Burrmann,  U.  &  Braun,  S.  (2020).  Speaking  acquaintances  or helpers   in   need:   Participation   in   civic   associations   and   individual   social   capital. VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations. doi: 10.1007/s11266-020-00274-x
Putnam, R. (1993). Making Democracy Work: Civic Traditions in Modern Italy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Putnam, R. (2000). Bowling Alone. The collapse and revival of American community. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Futher informations

A collaborative project by Prof. Dr. Ulrike Burrmann (Technische Universität Dortmund), Prof. Dr. Sebastian Braun (Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin) and Prof. Dr. Michael Mutz (Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen Gießen)

Duration: 2017 - 2018

Publications on the project

Burrmann, U., Braun, S. & Mutz, M. (2020). In Whom Do We Trust? The Level and Radius of Social Trust among Sport Club Members. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 55(4), 416-436. doi:10.1177/1012690218811451

Burrmann, U., Braun, S. & Mutz, M. (2019). Playing together or bowling alone? Social capital-related attitudes of sports club members and non-members in Germany in 2001 and 2018. European Journal for Sport and Society, 16(2), 164-186. doi:10.1080/16138171.2019.1620412

Mutz,  M.,  Burrmann,  U.  &  Braun,  S.  (2020).  Speaking  acquaintances  or helpers   in   need:   Participation   in   civic   associations   and   individual   social   capital. VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations. doi: 10.1007/s11266-020-00274-x